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Genital Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the type 1 or 2 of herpes viruses. This infection is very common and 16.6% of the United States citizens are infected with the disease. According to researches, almost 1 million of new cases appear every year.


How Does the Infection Occur?

genital herpesGenital Herpes is transmitted by having anal, vaginal or even oral intercourse with an infected person. This disease is best known for the sores and blisters that it causes. Usually, these blisters appear around the lips, anus or genitals. The place where they appear is the original site where the virus entered the body. Moreover, the virus can spread form one part of the body to another if the infected person does not wash his hand, thus it is highly contagious. You can even re-infect yourself if you touch an infected part and then scratch or rub another part of your body, such as the eyes, which are especially sensitive to the virus. For this reason, you should have an STD test and make sure you do not have the virus. In addition, if you are pregnant, there are increased risks for the baby and the virus can be transmitted to him.

Besides the sex organs, the genital herpes can affect the tongue, eyes, gums, lips, fingers, as well as other parts of the body. Once the virus enters your body, it starts affecting the healthy cells. Thus, the sores, blisters and swelling are caused by the natural defense system of your body that tries to fight the disease.

What are the Genital Herpes Symptoms?

Another negative aspect of this disease is that more often than not, it presents no symptom. For this reason, if you have an active sexual life and have changed your partners, you should search for STD clinics or STD centers and test yourself, as there is always a chance you have a sexually transmitted disease.

The symptoms, if any, usually appear in about 2-10 days since the herpes virus entered your body. And they are either mild – with just a few sores – or sever – with many sores, which appear grouped in clusters. In addition, you may have symptoms that would be similar to the flu, such as fever, chill, fatigue, nausea, muscle ache and swollen glands. Another common symptom is to have a burn or sting feeling when urinating.

How is Genital Herpes Diagnosed?

This infection can be diagnosed through several tests. One of the most common ways to obtain an accurate result is to test a sample of the sore and see if the virus grows in a special fluid. Another way to test for the infection would be through a blood test, as the medics can look for antibodies that the body would produce to fight against the virus.

In conclusion, the genital herpes is a serious disease and unprotected intercourse increases the chances of infection. For that reason, it is highly recommended to do an STD testing to rule out this disease.